Views:92 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-10-15 Origin:Site
Flowers have a privileged position in Chinese culture. They are considered an indelible part of Chinese’s collective consciousness. Chinese believe that flowers convey positive messages and play a significant role in the day to day folk life. Here collected are the 10 most important flowers in Chinese culture; each flower has its unique traditional meaning.
Plum blossom is the first of the top ten famous flowers in China. It is listed as “four gentlemen in flowers” together with orchids, bamboos and chrysanthemums, and is called “three friends of the cold”. In traditional Chinese culture, plum blossoms have a high, strong, and modest character. Plum blossom is a unique traditional flower tree in China and has a history of more than 3,000 years.
Tree peony is also called paeonia suffruticosa.The ornamental part of the tree peony is mainly a flower, and its flower is graceful and luxurious. It is known as the "national color fragrance" and the "king of flowers". In ancient China, peony was a symbol of nobility. In the late Qing Dynasty, tree peony was regarded as the national flower of China. Tree peony is a unique woody flower of China, with thousands of years of natural growth and more than 1,500 years of artificial cultivation history. In Chinese history ,tree peonies in Luoyang are praised as the finest in the country and a peony festival is held in Luoyang between April and May each year.
Chrysanthemum is one of the top ten famous flowers in China, one of the "four gentlemen in the flower", and one of the world's four largest cut flowers (chrysanthemum, rose, carnation, gladiolus). Chinese people have the custom of rewarding chrysanthemums and drinking chrysanthemums. In the traditional Chinese culture, chrysanthemum has also been given the meaning of auspicious and longevity.
The lotus flower has been favored by Chinese for hundreds of years. Chinese believe that the lotus represents purity, long life, humility and honor. Chinese have a particular fondness for lotus flowers. The appreciation of the lotus flowers has developed into a unique “Lotus culture.”
Chinese rose (Rosa chinensis) or Chinese rose (China Rose) is considered the "Queen of Flowers". It blooms all year round and its color varies greatly and may turn red, milky white or yellow. Chinese rose has a fearless spirit and was declared a city flower by about 50 Chinese cities including Beijing. There are many varieties of Chinese rose, there are nearly 10,000 species in the world, and there are more than a thousand species in China.
According to legend, in ancient China, there was a cuckoo bird that vomited blood after screaming day and night, and blood stained the flowers of the mountains. These flowers are called azaleas. Azaleas bloom in spring and are open in a variety of colors, such as red, pink and white, and their flowers often last for weeks. Colorful rhododendrons represent happiness and prosperity, and always evoke people's enthusiasm for life. Azaleas are the provincial flowers of Jiangxi, Anhui and Guizhou.
Camellia has red, purple, white and yellow flowers, and even colored. The flowering branches can reach up to 4 meters. Camellia is suitable for growing in warm, humid places. Camellia has a long flowering period and is open from October to May of the following year. Camellia is native to the eastern part of the Yangtze River, the Pearl River Basin and Yunnan Province. In the south, they are planted in the yard, but in the north are potted flowers.
Chinese people have always regarded orchids as a symbol of high purity and elegance, and known as "four gentlemen in flowers." Orchids have been particularly favored by Chinese scholars since ancient times, because in Chinese culture, it represents integrity, dignity and friendship, all of which are the virtues of a perfect culture of gentlemen and scholars. The orchid was compared to a Chinese philosopher Confucius as a kind person. Responding to this idea, many Chinese artists like to put orchids in their works of art.
Osmanthus fragrans is one of the top ten famous flowers in China. It combines greening, beautification and fragrance to provide an ornamental and practical garden tree. Sweet-scented osmanthus is rich. It has been loved by Chinese people since ancient times and is regarded as a traditional flower. In ancient China, quite a few poets praised sweet-scented osmanthus in their poems.
Narcissus is known as the "water goddess" among the Chinese. It has a history of more than a thousand years of cultivation in China. It is a traditional ornamental flower and is one of the top ten famous flowers in China. This flower is considered to have mysterious value and can expel evil spirits. Narcissus is native to China and is mainly distributed in Zhejiang, Fujian and other regions.